American "Neutrality"
  • Wilson
    • Neither side is threatening America or its interests
    • Stay out of affairs of Europe- GW Farewell Address
  • Roosevelt
    • Join the Entente to check German power
  • Favored Entente
    • Economically, trade with France and Britain increased dramatically in 1914 while trade with Germany fell sharply
    • Majority of Americans identified culturally with Britain
  • British Blockade of German ports
    • Occasionally searched and seized American ships
      • United States never suspended exports to retaliate— bad for economy
      • Economically NOT NEUTRAL
  • Germany declares use of unrestricted submarine warfare
  • Lusitania
    • Sank by German U-boat (submarine)
    • Sister-ship to Titanic
    • Sank in a fraction of the time
    • it was carrying ammo to Britain
    • Germans had warned Americans not to travel on a ship carrying munitions
  • William Jennings Bryan resigns 1915 when Wilson refuses to get involved w/ British blockade and U-boat attacks
  • Wilson approves bills to increase spending on army and navy, National Guard, but still doesn't want war
  • Zimmermann Telegram, Jan. 1917
    • Secret message from Germany to Mexico
    • Germany promised Mexico land if Mexico attacked the United States
    • Published in the newspapers
  • Congress declares war
    • “Make the world safe for democracy”
    • Combination Lusitania, unrestricted submarine warfare, economic support of Allies, anti-German propaganda, Zimmermann Note
    • Jeannette Rankin
      • First woman to serve in House, elected 1916 in Montana (before women had the right to vote!!)
      • Opposed the war: Women give birth to boys— don't send them to death
    • vote of 90/6 in Senate, 373/50 in House
Unless otherwise stated, the content of this page is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License