Other Foreign Policy
  • Nuremberg Trials
    • International Military Tribunal
    • Crimes against humanity, etc.
    • 1/9/3 of U.S. constitution says "no ex post facto" creating a crime after it had been committed (in this case, crimes against humanity)
    • Didn't allow "just following orders" or "so-did-you" as defense
    • Winners decide the rules
    • 13 death sentences, Goering committed suicide
  • United Nations created
  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
    • U.S.'s first peacetime military alliance
    • Against Washington's Farewell Address
    • Designed to block, contain Communist expansion in Europe
    • "attack on one is attack on all"— 9/11
  • Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO)
    • contain communist, especially Chinese, expansion in Asia
  • Central Treaty Organization (CENTO)
    • Contain Russian expansion
    • members were Middle East and Great Britain
  • Potsdam Conference (1945)
    • Soviet Union, United States, Great Britain
    • carve up Germany, Korea
  • Africa
    • Anticommunism brings U.S. into alliance with South Africa
    • Apartheid
      • legal system based on racial separation
  • U.S. became involved in Iran, Greece,Turkey
  • Marshall Plan
    • U.S. gave economic aid to war-recovery in Europe to rebuild Capitalism
    • George C. Marshall-secretary of state, 1953 Nobel Peace Prize
    • Winston Churchill called it "The most unsordid act in world history"… but really?
    • Russia responds by tightening its hold on East Europe
    • Berlin Blockade 1948-1949, U.S. and Britain flew into Berlin to deliver supplies and breaks USSR s blockade, 70 die
  • Italy German and Japan now anti0Soviet states
  • U.S. controls many Pacific islands
  • develops hydrogen bomb
  • Solidified sphere of influence in Latin America
  • Bases around the world
  • Military, economic, covert action
  • GLOBAL SUPERPOWER
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