Other Foreign Policy
  • Suez canal/Aswan Dam, 1956
    • US offers aid to build Aswan Dam in Egypt
    • Nasser accepts and turns to USSR and other communist countries for additional aid, denounces Israel, Nationalist
    • US cancels loans
    • Egypt nationalizes Suez Canal (controlled by Britain)
    • Britain, France, and Israel attack Egypt
    • U.S. and USSR defend Egypt
    • Nasser seeks to spread nationalism to other Middle East countries
    • Scares U.S. because of dependence on oil
    • Eisenhower Doctrine- promises U.S. aid to any M.E. country facing threat of communism
  • Vietnam
    • N- nationalist-communist led by Ho Chi Mihn, wants independence from France
    • U.S. supports French rule
    • 1954- Dien Bien Phu falls
    • Geneva Peace Accords remove French and divide Indochina into Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam, N/S.
    • U.S. fears Domino Effect
    • S. Vietnam, pro-U.S. govt. led by Ngo Dinh Diem
    • Diem unable to effectively lead
    • National Liberation Front (NLF)- opposition to Diem
    • Kennedy’s “Flexible Response”: wariety of different methods to combat communism- counterinsurgency, social scientists, etc.
    • Didn’t help… so Diem assassinated by CIA
    • NLF and North Vietnam continue pressuring South
  • Kennedy Foreign Policy
    • Peace Corps
    • “Alliance for Progress”- Eisenhower’s ideas in a new form
    • Raised defense budget
    • Cuba
      • Bay of Pigs, Operation Mongoose
      • 1961- Berlin Wall goes up
      • Cuban Missile Crisis
        • USSR built missile launching sites in Cuba, ruining MAD
        • U.S. Navy “quarantine island”
        • DEFCON-2
        • Diplomatic maneuvers
        • Agreement: USSR remove missiles from Cuba, U.S. move ICBMS from Turkey
      • Direct Phone line between Moscow and U.S.
Unless otherwise stated, the content of this page is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License