Social Change

Celebrities

  • Newspaper companies realized they could make a lot of money by reporting on the lives of celebrities
    • Began selling tabloids, small papers that were mostly pictures and all about celebrities
  • Babe Ruth
  • Charlie Chaplin
  • Charles Lindbergh
    • son kidnapped
  • Fatty Arbuckle
    • trial

Women

  • Cwod calls 1920's the First Sexual revolution
  • Flappers— independent, young women who rebelled against traditional women's roles
  • demand equality in marriage
    • “HUSBAND and wife” not “MAN and wife”
  • Number of marriages decrease, while ratio of divorces to marriages increases
  • 19th Amendment, 1920
    • women get right to vote
  • think Cwod's “daughter”
  • Women work
    • lower wages than men for same job
    • mostly social services and teaching, “women's work”
  • “Women's Movement Adrift”
    • Equal Rights Amendment (ERA)
    • would guarantee women equal rights under the constitution
    • opposed because of protective labor legislation
    • never passed

Rural Communities

  • Hard times for farmers after war— dealing with overproduction cause by decreased demand in foreign markets
    • Tractor
  • McNary-Haugen Bill
    • high tariffs on foreign produce, govt. buys domestic surplus and sells in world market
    • vetoed by Coolidge twice
  • Moral-tradtionalist white Protestants in small towns
    • believed other races to be inferior
    • afraid for the future of their race
  • Census of 1920 showed white Protestants barely in the majority in urban areas
  • Supported Prohibition
    • Rising crime rate attributed to immigrant involvement in bootlegging
  • Growing membership in the KKK
    • hatred of Blacks, Jews, Catholics, foreigners
    • Nativism, racism
  • Immigration restrictions
    • Quota
    • Western Hemisphere exempt
    • criteria to allow more British, German, and Scandinavian immigrants
  • Religious fundamentalism
    • Everything in the Bible happened exactly how it is presented
    • opposed science

The Lost Generation

  • Alienated white artists
  • believed that Americans had become conformists and forced conformity on people
  • Left America
  • Sinclair Lewis
    • wrote stories making fun of American society
  • T.S. Eliot, F. Scott Fitzgerald
  • Against Social Stagnation

Harlem Renaissance

  • African-Americans continue to migrate north
  • Harlem “Negro Capital”
    • ghetto
    • Racism
      • worked least desired and worst paying jobs
      • lived in “colored” housing
  • create works celebrating African culture, not white culture
    • way to express racial pride
  • New Negro
    • “Don't say, 'I want to be white' say 'Why should I want to be white? I am Negro— and beautiful.”
  • Jazz Clubs owned by whites
    • only blacks allowed were musicians, dancers, prostitutes, and kitchen workers
  • African-American writers and artists dependent on white patrons
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