Spanish American War
  • 1895, Cubans revolt against Spanish empire
    • resentment of Spanish control
    • depressed economy— 1894 U.S. tariff law
  • Spanish Army moves Cubans into concentration camp
    • terrible conditions
    • 200,000 Cubans died
  • Americans sympathized with Cubans
    • Media portrayed Cubans like early Americans
      • anti-colonial
      • light-skinned
      • intelligent
      • civilized
      • democratic
    • “Yellow Journalism”
      • embellishing stories to make reports more dramatic
  • As president, Cleveland didn't want to get involved
  • McKinley wanted to force Spain into satisfying the Cubans
    • Spain stopped concentration camps
    • Gave Cuba limited autonomy
    • Cuba still demands independence
  • 1897, McKinley sends the largest battleship (and largest ship) in the world, Maine to protect U.S. citizens
  • February 6, 1898
    • New York Journal publishes a note from Depuy de Lôme, the Spanish minister
    • Calls McKinley a “cheap politician,” says Spain doesn't care about resolving conflict in Cuba
  • February 12, 1898
    • Maine explodes
    • 260 American sailors die
    • No one knows what happened
    • Could have been a malfunctioning boiler
    • Americans convinced it was the Spanish
  • McKinley gives Spain conditions for avoiding war:
    • Pay for the Maine
    • close concentration camps
    • end fighting with rebels
    • Cuban independence
  • Spain accepts all except last
  • Teller Amendment
    • States that U.S. won't use war to acquire territory in Cubav
  • April 24
    • Congress declares war on Spain
    • American army in Cuba destroys Spanish resistance
    • General George Dewey
      • Destroyed Spanish fleet in Manila, Philippines
    • Under Secretary of the Navy, Theodore Roosevelt
      • Kettle Hill and Negro Infantry
      • San Juan Hill
      • Led charge
  • Spain surrenders after fleet destroyed
  • Treaty of Paris
    • U.S. gets Puerto Rico, Guam
    • U.S. pays $20 million for Philippines
    • William Jennings Bryan, south & west, reasons against:
      • assault on Filipino's rights
      • businessmen and laborers feared competition
      • maintaining outposts more expensive
      • racist
    • Cuba to get independence “supervised” by U.S. (THINK IRAQ!!)
  • John Hay calls it “a splendid little war”
Unless otherwise stated, the content of this page is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License