The Great War
  • Battles
    • Verdun, 1916
      • 300,000 people die
      • 10 months
      • Unsuccessful German offensive
      • Western front
      • Neither side gained any ground
    • Marne, 1914, 1918
      • same position in 1918 as in 1914— neither side gained any ground
      • Western front
    • Ypres, 1914, 1915, 1917
      • Western front
      • 1914, British Air Force stops German advance
      • 1915, first use of poisonous gas by Germans
      • 1917, Passchendale
      • 250,000 casualties for both sides
        • terrible weather
        • over-ambition and persistence
        • Men drowned in liquid mud
    • Somme, 1916
      • Western front
      • Allied offense
      • again, tremendous losses at gains of only 1.5 km
    • Gallipoli, 1915-1916
      • Turkey
      • British and French operation to capture Istanbul and secure sea access to Russia
      • Turkey won
  • Technology:
    • Barbed wire
    • Poisonous gas
      • Gassed painting by John Singer Sergent
    • Tanks
    • Submarines
    • Airplanes
  • Advances in technology and use of trench warfare led to great losses and little gains for both sides
    • 15 million total casualties
  • Armistice declared 11/11/1918
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