Truman S Fair Deal
  • FDR's Second Bill of Rights
    • Americans have a right to employment, food and shelter, education, health care
    • Government is responsible to provide these for those who can't get it on their own
  • National Association of Manufacturers
    • warned that new domestic programs might destroy private free-enterprise
  • Dixiecrats joined Republicans in abolishing several New Deal agencies
  • Employment Act of 1946
    • maximum employment
    • Created the Council of Economic Advisers to help make long-term policy recommendations
    • Advice from economic experts as alternative to government planning could guarantee a constantly expanding economy
    • Keynes
  • Cooperative relationship with big business and organized labor
  • Gross National Product (GNP)
    • measure of economic growth
  • Military Keynsianism
    • sharp increases in military spending stimulated economy
  • Fair Deal
    • extension of popular New Deal programs
    • Enactment of civil rights and health care legislation, federal aid for education
    • Repeal Taft-Hartley Act
    • Programs could be financed through economic growth
    • GI Bill
      • benefits for veterans, immediate financial assistance for college and job-training
      • preferential treatment when applying for government jobs
      • generous terms on loans, medical care in veterans' hospitals
    • Many programs eventually failed or scaled back
    • Housing Act of 1949
      • construction of 810,0100 public housing units
      • 1/4 of all houses in 1968 were built after 1949
    • Reality: target specific groups (like veterans…)
    • Partial Remedies rather than Curealls
  • Civil Rights
    • Truman supported fight against racial discrimination
    • Civil rights committee (1946)
      • To secure these rights
      • federal legislation against lynching
      • Antidiscrimination in employment, housing, public facilities
      • military desegregation
    • 1948 Dixiecrats, most Conservative party, south turns conservative
    • Chipping away at "separate but equal"
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